Dental carries is considered a major oral health issue but the good news is, it’s preventable. Also called tooth decay, this condition can lead to poor health if not treated right away.
Tooth decay occurs due to a number of reasons. In kids, it may be due to a diet that consists mostly of carbs and sugar. When an individual consumes food high in carbs and sugars, it causes a reaction inside the mouth and produces acids that can lead to the erosion of tooth enamel. In addition, these food particles also leave deposits on the teeth which can feed naturally occurring bacteria in the mouth, resulting to an overgrowth (plaque buildup).
When the gums and teeth are frequently exposed to candies, soft drinks, sweets, fruit juices, or anything that is high in starches and sugars, the acids they produce will continue to destroy the tooth enamel. Eventually, it will result in tooth decay.
The teeth respond differently to temperature changes. Some teeth will expand, while others will contract when exposed to certain temperatures. This explains why some people experience tooth pain when consuming hot or cold beverages/foods. There are also people with hypersensitive teeth that even breathing cold air can cause pain.
Tooth sensitivity may be caused by exposed tooth nerves, worn teeth, receding gum lines, spongy teeth, etc.
Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is an oral problem that must be treated as soon as possible. Untreated gum disease can lead to damage to the bone structure and tooth loss. Periodontal disease often presents itself as gingivitis at the onset and a person who has this condition may notice inflammation, bleeding, redness and swelling in the gums. Bad breath is also one of the clear signs of periodontal disease. If not treated right away, it can develop into periodontitis wherein the gum will shrink and the affected tooth will become loose. We have patients who come to our office with severe periodontal disease and at times the only recourse is tooth removal.
Gum disease is highly avoidable. By maintaining healthy oral habits like brushing and flossing up to four times a day, and visiting your dentist twice a year for checkups and cleanings, you can keep your gums healthy.
Canker sores are known by other names such as cold sores and Aphthous Ulcer. They manifest themselves as tiny sores that are gray-white in color in the mouth and usually heal by themselves in 1-2 weeks. Canker sores are quite painful and treatment is usually in the form of topical agents or antimicrobial mouthwashes.
When the upper and lower teeth do not meet properly, it can result in a bad bite. Such condition is known as a malocclusion. There are many kinds of malocclusions including crowded teeth, misaligned jaws/teeth, missing teeth, extra teeth, etc. These dental issues may be due to an accident, genes, poor oral habits and poor oral hygiene.